The most common breed in temperate regions and used primarily for beef. The breed’s origin is from the county of Herefordshire in England, from which it gets its name. The Hereford is popular in temperate areas in Australia, central and eastern Argentina, Uruguay and New Zealand, where they are the prevalent beef breed. Herefords are also popular in the southwest United States. Despite originating in the cold, damp climate of Britain, Herefords thrive in even harsher climates in almost every continent. A hornless sub-breed has been reared successfully in the US. Another close relative is the pygmy Hereford, which is well known for its flavour and maternal instincts. The Hereford Cattle Society operates out of Britain, and supervises the rearing of the breed around the world. Nineteen countries are members of the society and seven more have a local organisation dedicated to the breed.